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Short for Non-Food Items:  Any non-food article, tool, utensil..., which contributes to the physical and/or psychological health of populations affected by a significant deterioration in their environment which threatens their survival.


Short for People with Specific Needs: People that we can expect could have special needs are particularly older people, small children, those with impaired mobility or breastfeeding mothers among others that could require any other special assistance or at risk.


a set of items used for a particular purpose or activity, generally package and/or distributed together.


This term covers both food and non-food items given in mass distribution


Short for Heads of family:  a member of a household that represents it.


A social unit composed of individuals, with genetic or social relations among themselves, under one head or leader, living under the same roof, eating from the same pot and sharing a common resource base.

Blended foods

Pre-cooked blend of cereals and pulses, fortified with essential vitamins and minerals.


Short for Extended Delivery Point


Short for Internal Displaced Population.



A distribution is the hand-over of commodities to intended beneficiaries, fairly and according to specified rations, selection criteria and priorities. A distribution is the process during which control over the commodity passes from the organization holding the stock to the intended beneficiary[1].

The objective of every distribution is to mitigate the impact in the individuals after or during a crisis by providing the means to preserve their health and ensure their welfare, safety and dignity.


The Shelter Cluster has developed a check list as a guide:

Checklist for the Day Before the Distribution

The team leader should brief the core distribution team on the following-:

  • The number and type of items to be distributed per household;
  • Each team members’ specific role during the distribution;
  • The distribution process (a walk-through of the site);
  • The start and end times each day, as well as any breaks (i.e. lunch), as agreed beforehand;
  • The complaints mechanism ;
  • How issues or concerns should be raised throughout the day;
  • Means for feedback on the process; e.g. evening meetings to discuss how the distribution is going, any issues, gaps, etc.

Ensure organizers have the necessary enrollment lists for the first day of the distribution.