Typical rations as recommended by guidelines
A good way of planning the supply movement of a distribution is to roll back the time required for preparation based on an expected day of distribution.
Final Delivery Point
Last Mile Warehouse
|How many days for preparation and delivering the supplies to the distribution site?||What’s the transportation time between the main warehouse and the field location?||How long does it take to source the item? Are they available in the market?|
Thus, if a distribution is intended on the day D, logistics should trigger the reception
D – (2days) – (5days) – (15days) = 22 days in advance.
Pragmatism is essential, but problems may arise when the original technical principles are forgotten. (see Principles in Definition)
The distribution process in general can be divided in three stages;
Sites should also be established in a way that minimizes the number of people who are attending a distribution at any one point, as this can be a critical element of crowd control and in ensuring equitable access to humanitarian aid. One way of avoiding large crouds is to call different communities on different days; another way is to create multiple distribution points to be managed simultaneously. An organization’s decision in this regard should be based on a variety of factors as detailed below:
Few distribution points
Many distribution points
A range of factors will determine the location and number of distributions centers. They include the number of refugees and the number at each site, their locations and the distance between each location, and the availability and location of resources (warehousing and means of transport).
The team leader must to ensure that everyone involved in the distribution knows their roll, what is expected from them, and have an enough knowledge about the exercise itself. A briefing to the core team is mandatory, and detailed briefings should be given toto specific staff, such as those persons involved with crow control, registration team, or complaint mechanism.
The Shelter Cluster has developed a check list as a guide:
Checklist for the Day Before the Distribution
The team leader should brief the core distribution team on the following-:
Ensure organizers have the necessary enrollment lists for the first day of the distribution.