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By set up

Mobile distribution

Portable distribution setups usually assembled out of vehicles to assist in multiple locations or areas without a permanent location.

Example: Open areas designed with ropes, trucks.

Fixed distribution

Permanent or Semi-permanent distribution locations where basic infrastructure will be available for distributions.

Examples: MSUs, Community CentersCentres.

By kind of commodity

Recurrent Distribution

The same population is served several times by the same pool of commodities in a well-defined period of time

Example: Food distribution.

Single Distribution

A group of people or location is served once for the distribution of a specific type of supplies.

Examples: NFIs, vaccination.

By targeted population

Blanket Distribution

In certain geographical locations, all populations within a specific group will receive supplies.

Example: Any children of school age receive educational supplies.

Conditional Distribution

Beneficiaries are selected by specific criteria generally based on vulnerability and needs.

Examples: Families with three or more children receive a complementary mosquito net.

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Items that repackaged should be placed into new containers that sanitary, rugged enough to survive transport, free from holes and/or prevent spillage, and be made of food grade safe materials. Repackaged items may not need to be specifically labeledlabelled, but clearly marked containers may make distribution easier. Labels should be clearly legible, and written in at least the language of the beneficiary population.

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Some NFIs, such as plastic tarpaulin, may come in excessively large packaging. In the event NFIs are repackaged or broken down into smaller units, distributing agencies must plan accordingly. Due to the relatively labor labour intense process of repacking NFIs, and due to the durable nature of NFIs, most agencies may wish to repackage NFIs prior to transporting them to distribution sites. NFIs are typically distributed along programmatic lines, meaning specific sizes are known well in advance. Agencies may wish to conduct a large scale repackaging at once, and keep smaller units within storage for ease of future planning.

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Built as…

Description

Advantages

Disadvantages

Standard Kits

 

Carefully designed and prepared in advance, the standard kits were developed based on past experience. A quantity of these kits is usually available in the emergency stock, ready to be deploy in the first hours of an emergency. 

Quick response:

  • Ready to use, no assembly needed
  • Pre-positioned (locally, regionally or international)

Not always adapted to local customs.

(People may find themselves with material they do not know how to use, and therefore the reason for distributing the articles is not covered).

Quality guarantee; the items have been subjected to a strict procedure including market survey, tender.

Some articles may turn out to be culturally inappropriate.


Some items are not essential, so people will sell them on the local market.

Kits locally assembled

 

They are manufactured locally, which means for the mission a big job to identify the suppliers, assemble and pack. Their main advantage is that they can better meet the needs of the population taking into account current requirements and cultural habits.

Highly customizable in terms of items included, packaging and labelinglabelling.

Time consuming: Search for suppliers for the various items (market survey, tender,...) Assemblage of the kits.

More economical: no transportation costs.

No guarantee of quality.

Adapted to local customs.

No guarantee of quick supply in case of emergency.

Beneficiaries are more likely to used the item.

Often not possible to find all the items locally.

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If a distribution is intended on the day D, logistics should trigger the reception at:

 D – (2days) – (5days) – (15days) = 22 days in advance.

Pragmatism is essential, but problems may arise when the original technical principles are forgotten.

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