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  • Make recommendations which define and set priorities on the actions and resources needed for immediate response.
  • Highlight special concerns regarding the development of the situation.
  • Draw attention to geographical areas/substantive sectors needing in-depth assessment.

Rapid Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

Immediate response / lifesaving activities.

Maximum two weeks after the crisis.

Limited: Security and/or safety can limit movement and access to people as well.

Secondary information, local services (health, water, etc.), NGOs, government, affected population/ household visits partners and close providers.

High:

Insufficient time to triangulate all the information. Still a volatile situation.

Experienced generalist, with previous exposure to this type of emergency.


Adapted from IFRC, 2006 Guidelines for assessment in emergencies & IASC, Classification of emergency phase.

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Each in-depth assessment will be unique, taking into account the individual circumstances and relevant factors, the identified gaps and the actual information needs of the organisation. A detailed logistics assessment section below in this guide.

In-Depth Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

Medium term operational plan.

Less than one month after the crisis and/or each time is considered needed.

Commonly Accessible; Possibility to visit enough locations and interview a full range of informants.


Secondary information, and primary information gathered through a full range of informants.


Low:

Sufficient time to interview full range of informants. Coordination with partners is mandatory to avoid duplications and ensure the reliability of the data collected.

Generalist, possibly supported by specialists.


Adapted from IFRC, 2006 Guidelines for assessment in emergencies & IASC, Classification of emergency phase.

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It is important to continue different assessments as needed. Continual assessment involves regularly updating information on the situation and seeking relevant feedback from the beneficiaries in order to facilitate decision-making on long-term activities. Effective continual assessments help to spot changes when they occur.

Continual Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

Evaluations, monitoring and research.

Information collected regularly throughout the operational period.

Full normal access.


Primary and secondary information gathered through selected informants, based on indicators, with a standardized and planned exercise generally conducted by the organisation’s staff.

Medium:

Assumptions based on indicators and informants, but these can be verified from other sources.


Organisation staff during the normal activities development.

Adapted from IFRC, 2006 Guidelines for assessment in emergencies & IASC, Classification of emergency phase.

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