- Outer Packing/Outer Packaging - The outer most enclosure that contains or prevents unintended release of contents
- Over-Packaging/Overpacking - Items that are packaged in more than one layer or enclosure. Example: A box within a box, or multiple sacs within a larger carton. Over-packaging is common in handling of dangerous goods.
- Handling Unit - The lowest unit at which cargo is handled, usually at the box or carton level.
- Unit of Accounting - the lowest level inventory unit that is tracked and accounted for.
- Shipping Unit - the lowest unit at which cargo is handled for shipping - may be the same as the handling unit, or may be accounted for at the pallet/Unit Load Device level.
- Common Package Types:
- Loose/Bulk/Individual Unit