The most common type of aircraft – any airborne vessel with wings that requires horizontal take-off and landing space.
Helicopters of any configuration that have top mounted rotors to provide vertical lift, and have vertical take-off and landing capability.
Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)
Any authority that maintains legal jurisdiction over the airspace above any country. Aircraft operating within a country or flying over a country (overflight clearance) must make arrangements through CAAs, registering flight plans and obtaining proper clearances.
International Aviation and Transportation Administration (IATA)
An international governing body that sets safety regulations on commercial flight. Any aircraft commercially operating between two different countries that mutually recognise IATA standards is legally obliged to follow IATA regulations.
|International Civil Aviation organisation Organisation (ICAO)||A specialised UN agency that supports the development of mutually recognised civil aviation standards among UN member states, including air safety regulations.|
Used to describe a situation when an aircraft must be on the ground for technical reasons. Usually tech stops refer to refuelling, but they can also be for unscheduled maintenance. Sometimes referred to as “going technical.”
Where the “permanent” home of the aircraft is, usually where the aircraft is originally licensed, and near the owner and operator. Domicile location are also frequently where aircraft receive routine maintenance as well, but not always.
Moving an aircraft from one location to another location in anticipation of another future need.
Ground Support Equipment (GSE)
Any equipment involving the offloading or moving of cargo around an airport or landing strip, in lead up to loading or offloading cargo and people. GSE also includes catering, refuelling and power supply units.. Ground handling crews can be employees of governments, or sub contracted service providers.
|Airside||Any part of an airport beyond a secure checkpoint usually associated with loading/offloading, service operations and take off/landing. Airside operations occur within close proximity to working aircraft.|
The act of reaching the maximum limitations to a specific airframe, either by reaching its maximum volume (cube out) or its maximum weight (weigh out).
Defined as the specified hours air craft, pilot or crew are allowed to operate for. Physical air craft may only be able to operate for a maximum number of hours in any week or month period, while pilots and crew can only operate for a maximum number of hours per day/week before mandated “crew rest.”
All the special considerations surrounding aircraft loading, such as loading specifications and safety concerns. Loading is overseen by a "Loadmaster" or other trained crew, who will ensure proper distribution of weight and balance of cargo, while also screening for prohibited or controlled items.
Any cargo that might post a threat to aircraft while in transit or loading/offloading. DG is universal to all forms of transport, but is especially important to air aviation. Definitions, handling and labelling standards for DG are outlined in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulation (DGR).
The act of transporting cargo on the outside of a rotor wing aircraft using a net or cable of some kind, with cargo hanging below the aircraft. Sling loading requires special equipment and specially trained pilot and crew, and can only be used in some ideal circumstances.
- Deck Cargo – cargo loaded onto the main deck/body of an aircraft.
- Belly Load – cargo loaded unto onto the under deck/belly of an aircraft.
- Nose Load – cargo loaded into the front compartment of an aircraft.
- Tail Load – cargo loaded into the rear compartment/are area past the real rear wheel based base of an aircraft.
While loading and storing cargo onto an aircraft, there are some specific physical limitations to what and how items can be loaded: