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International Truck Movement – Many countries globally recognize what is called a “CMR” international waybill. The CMR was proposed and agreed upon under the United Nations CMR Convention of 1956, and subsequently adopted by the International Road Transport Union. The CMR functions similar to an Airway Bill (AWB) or Bill of Lading (BOL) in that it is a standard and uniformly recognized document for the transport of goods between two countries. The CMR does not take the place of a regular waybill – all traditional documentation will be still be required, and formal customs procedures for importation must be respected – but the CMR standardizes the language for authorities to understand the nature of goods either being imported into a country, or across a country. It is important to note that the CMR is not recognized everywhere in the world, there are currently only 45 countries who recognize the CMR, consisting mostly in Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia.

Example CMR:

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Countries who don’t currently utilize the CMR will have their own means of importing cargo, depending on national laws and regional trade arrangements. Prior to importing goods to any country of operation through road transport, shippers and consignees must investigate the import and export laws for both countries.