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In both cases, the emphasis is on achieving full utilisation of the resources used - filling the vehicle to capacity minimising the distance traveled and optimising the hours which the driver is being paid to work.

Cargo Configuration for Road Shipping

Whether shipping cartons or oversized bulky items, there are recognized loading and securing methods to minimize accidents and damage to cargo.

Cartons / sacks – when loading cartons or sacks into the bed of a truck, avoid stacking in pyramid or forming piles. Cartons and sacks should be stacked in even rows, as low to the bed of the truck as possible. Stacks should be arranged in interlocking "brick” format to avoid stacks from coming apart, and where possible, stacks of cartons or sacks should be secured with netting, tarp or rope, especially if the truck bed has no sides.

Bulky items – bulky items such as timber, generators, or other large equipment should be firmly secured to bed of a truck using rope or chain of appropriate strength.

Loading Vehicles

Unlike sea or air cargo transportation, humanitarian actors will almost certainly be involved with the direct loading of cargo vehicles at some point. Loading of cargo onto a truck may appear fairly straight forward, however there are several things that shippers may need to consider. Frequently, third-party transport companies and private vehicle hires may understand the loading needs of their own vehicles, but in the event agencies are self-managing loading or the third-party service does not have the capacity to mange loading, organizations may have to take the lead.

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Correct Loading

Incorrect Loading

Cargo Tie-Downs

Any place where a rope or chain passed over cargo and is secured to both sides of the vehicle is referred to as tie-down. A general guide for how many tie-downs to use can be seen below:

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