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Third Party Logistics Provider (3PL) – Commercial third-party logistics providers that can assume a portion of or the entire supply chain. 3PLs can act on behalf of contracting agencies for a variety of services, including warehousing, kitting, procurement, quality inspections, transport and even developing supply chain strategies without providing a physical service. 3PLs tend to be more expensive, but can offer wholistic holistic solutions to some agencies who may need additional support.

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  • Licensed by the government to conduct customs clearance formalities and be up-to-date on changes in customs requirements
  • Offer a wide variety of services, so that shippers do not need to contract several different companies for different services
  • Own or have access to a bonded warehouse to protect and control shipments in transit
  • Own a trucking fleet for inland transport and have access to specialized vehicles when needed such as container trucks, low-bed trailers, tankers, etc
  • Have trained, competent, experienced and trustworthy staff
  • Have a proven record of reliability, accuracy, and timeliness, as verified by references from other groups that have used their services
  • Are flexible in their availability at short notice, also outside of office hours and on public holidays
  • Have an established reputation and have been in business for a number of years
  • Have influence in the transport market, with port authorities, etc
  • Are experienced in successfully handling duty exemption arrangements for humanitarian organizations
  • Have an office in the port area or nearby
  • Are experienced in verifying goods arriving in the port: discharge, storage and loading operations, checking weights and inspecting shipping packages for visible damage
  • Are experienced in hiring porters and stevedores for cargo handling
  • Have at least a country-wide, preferably a multi-country regional network
  • Use technology effectively, including a good telecommunications system and, preferably, a computerized tracking system that allows visibility of where shipments are at a given time

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