Versions Compared

Key

  • This line was added.
  • This line was removed.
  • Formatting was changed.

...

An initial assessment is the one performed in the first hours following a disaster, usually within the first 72 hours. The intention of an initial assessment provides a quick overview of the situation in a moment of confusion when there are more questions than answer. An initial assessment should not be confused with a detailed situation report, but only regarded as a highlight of the main facts and gaps in the information.

Initial Emergency Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

First impact evaluation of the crisis magnitude.

Within the first 72 hours.

Very Limited: Movements are usually restricted and communications not always functioning.

Relies on previous networking, coordination groups and official sources if any.

Very high:

Few things are confirmed, must make assumptions based on previous experience

Preferably a representative with experience in emergencies.

...

  • Make recommendations which define and set priorities on the actions and resources needed for immediate response.
  • Highlight special concerns regarding the development of the situation.
  • Draw attention to geographical areas/substantive sectors needing in-depth assessment.

Rapid Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

Immediate response / lifesaving activities.

Maximum two weeks after the crisis.

Limited: Security and/or safety can limit movement and access to people as well.

Secondary information, local services (health, water, etc.), NGOs, government, affected population/ household visits partners and close providers.

High:

Insufficient time to triangulate all the information. Still a volatile situation.

Experienced generalist, with previous exposure to this type of emergency.


...

Each in-depth assessment will be unique, taking into account the individual circumstances and relevant factors, the identified gaps and the actual information needs of the organisation. A detailed logistics assessment section below in this guide.

In-Depth Assessment

Purpose

Time

Access to information sources

Typical information sources

Importance of assumptions

Type of assessment team

Medium term operational plan.

Less than one month after the crisis and/or each time is considered needed.

Commonly Accessible; Possibility to visit enough locations and interview a full range of informants.


Secondary information, and primary information gathered through a full range of informants.


Low:

Sufficient time to interview full range of informants. Coordination with partners is mandatory to avoid duplications and ensure the reliability of the data collected.

Generalist, possibly supported by specialists.


...