Different types of disasters will require different intervention approaches. Disasters in the humanitarian sector are classified into the following three broad categories:
Understanding disasters can help reduce the risk of future disasters. Disasters occur when communities' coping mechanisms are partially or completely destroyed and therefore people are unable to cope with the effects of natural or man-made hazards thus making them vulnerable to suffering. The diagram below provides examples of sources of vulnerability and potential hazards for a population.
Hazard + Vulnerability= Disaster
- Logistics capacity assessment and mapping of existing logistics resources.
See Stock Prepositioning topic.