A distribution is the hand-over of commodities to intended beneficiaries, fairly and according to specified rations, selection criteria and priorities. A distribution is the process during which control over the commodity passes from the organisation holding the stock to the intended beneficiary.
The objective of every distribution is to mitigate the impact on individuals after or during a crisis by providing the means to preserve their health and ensure their welfare, safety and dignity.
|How many days for preparation and delivering the supplies to the distribution site?||What’s the transportation time between the main warehouse and the field location?||How long does it take to source the item? Are they available in the market?|
If a distribution is intended on the day D, logistics should trigger the reception at:
D – (2days) – (5days) – (15days) = 22 days in advance
- Sphere Project, Handbook (2018)
- Universal Logistics Standards (ULS) Handbook
- UNHCR Commodity Distribution Guide
- The Cash Learning Partnership
- PARCEL Project
- Humanitarian Logistics Association
- Core Humanitarian Standards
-  Source: Commodity Distribution, a practical guide: Division of Operational Support; 1997, UNHCR.
- SHELTER CLUSTER, (2017). Guidelines for the distribution of Shelter/NFI kits
- OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE, (1995) General Food Distribution in Emergencies. Susanne Jaspars and Helen Young.
- NORWEGIAN REFUGEE COUNCIL. Camp Management Tool Kit. Food distribution and Non-Food Items.
- MEDICINS SANS FRONTIERS, (2009). Pocket Guide NFI Distribution.
- OXFAM, (2008). NFI Distribution.
- IASC, (2006). Gender and NFI in Emergencies.
- WFP, (2013). Food Assistance with Safety and Dignity.
- WFP, (2002). Emergency Field Operations Pocketbook.
- UNHCR, (1997). Commodity distribution, a practical guide.
- UNHCR and WFP, (2011). Memorandum of understanding
- UNHCR (2020) Guidelines for Reducing Protection Risks in in-kind Distributions.