Waybill – A waybill is the ultimate informal “contract” between the sender, the carrier and the receiver of goods. A waybill should contain all relevant information for the shipment itself, including:
- The contents of the shipment.
- The point of origin and destination.
- Names of the shipper/sender, the carrier/driver, and the intended recipient.
- Dates of the transaction.
- Important information pertaining to the goods; special handling requirements, delivery instructions, etc.
- Outer Packing/Outer Packaging - The outer most enclosure that contains or prevents unintended release of contents
- Over-Packaging/Overpacking - Items that are packaged in more than one layer or enclosure. Example: A box within a box, or multiple sacs within a larger carton. Over-packaging is common in handling of dangerous goods.
- Handling Unit - The lowest unit at which cargo is handled, usually at the box or carton level.
- Unit of Accounting - the lowest level inventory unit that is tracked and accounted for.
- Shipping Unit - the lowest unit at which cargo is handled for shipping - may be the same as the handling unit, or may be accounted for at the pallet/Unit Load Device level.
- Common Package Types:
- Loose/Bulk/Individual Unit